Signs & Symptons Of Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion starts slowly and if not quickly treated can progress to heatstroke. Heatstroke requires immediate emergency medical care and can be fatal.

Signs and Symptons

Of heat exhaustion:

  • headache
  • increased sweating
  • cool, clammy skin
  • elevation of body temperature
  • increased thirst
  • weakness
  • fainting
  • muscle cramps
  • nausea and vomiting
  • irritability

Of heatstroke:

  • severe headache
  • weakness, dizziness
  • confusion
  • rapid breathing and heartbeat
  • loss of consciousness
  • leading to coma
  • seizures
  • may not be sweating
  • flushed, hot, dry skin
  • elevation of body temperature

What to do:

For a child with symptons of heatstroke, seek emergency medical care immediately. In cases of heat exhaustion or while awaiting help for a child with possible heatstroke:

  • Bring the child indoors or into the shade immediately.
  • Undress the child.
  • Have the child lie down;elevate feet slightly.
  • If the child is alert, place in cool bath water. If outside, spray the child with mist from a garden hose.
  • If the child is alert and coherent, give frequent sips of cool, clear fluids.
  • If the child is vomiting, turn onto his or her side to prevent choking.

Think Prevention!

  • Teach kids the importance of wearing a hat
  • Teach kids to always drink plenty of fluids before and during anyactivity in hot, sunny weather – even if they aren’t thirsty.
  • Make sure kids wear light-coloured, loose clothing.
  • Don’t have your child participate in heavy activity outdoors duringthe hottest hours of the day.
  • Teach kids to come indoors immediately whenever they feel overheated.